Macular Degeneration is an eye condition in which the macula, a sensitive area in the retina responsive for central and detail vision, is damaged, often causing loss of central vision.
The two types of macular degeneration include Dry Form and Wet Form. Dry Form is the most common and usually progresses slowly, causing central vision loss. Wet Form is more rare, and more severe, rapidly causing significant central vision loss.
The disease is most common in people over 50, but can also appear as early as age 40. As life expectancy increases, the disease is becoming a significant problem. No elusive proof exists as to what the cause of the disease is. However, some scientists believe heredity may play a part, as well as UV light exposure, nutrition and smoking.
Some of the most common symptoms include blurred or fuzzy vision, straight lines appearing wavy and a blind spot in the center of your vision. Your eye doctor can detect many vision-treatening conditions even before eyed develop symptoms during your regular eye exams. The earlier the problem is detected, the better your chance of preventing vision loss.